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Section 3: Test Summary and Framework
WEST–E Early Childhood Special Education (071)

The Washington Educator Skills Tests–Endorsements (WEST–E) are designed to measure a candidate's knowledge of the subject-area content contained in the test framework for each field. All WEST–E tests are fully aligned with the state's teacher endorsement competencies and, as applicable, the Essential Academic Learning Requirements.

Test Summary

This test summary describes general testing information as well as the approximate percentage of the total test score derived from each content domain. The test framework, organized by content domain, contains the objectives that define the content for the test.

Format Computer-based test (CBT)
Number of Questions Approximately 110 multiple-choice questions
Test Session 2 hours and 15 minutes (does not include 15-minute tutorial)
Passing Score 240 (scores are calculated in a range from 100 to 300)
Test Code 071
Pie chart of approximate test weighting, detailed in the table below.
Table outlining sample test content and subject weighting by sub area and objective
Key Approximate
Percentage of Test
Content Domain Range of Objectives
I 25% Understanding Young Children With Disabilities 0001 to 0003
II 25% Assessment and Program Development 0004 to 0006
III 25% Delivering Specially Designed Instruction (SDI) to Promote Development and Learning 0007 to 0009
IV 25% Foundations and Professional Practice 0010 to 0012

Test Framework

Understanding Young Children With Disabilities

Objective 0001: Demonstrate knowledge of human growth and development.

For example:

Objective 0002: Understand the characteristics and needs of young children with disabilities.

For example:

Objective 0003: Demonstrate knowledge of the factors affecting the development and learning of young children with disabilities.

For example:

Assessment and Program Development

Objective 0004: Demonstrate knowledge of types and characteristics of assessments for young children with disabilities and family needs and resources.

For example:

Objective 0005: Demonstrate knowledge of procedures for conducting assessments to address the individual needs of young children with disabilities.

For example:

Objective 0006: Apply knowledge of procedures for developing and implementing individualized programs for young children with disabilities.

For example:

Delivering Specially Designed Instruction (SDI) to Promote Development and Learning

Objective 0007: Demonstrate knowledge of research-based strategies for designing and managing developmentally appropriate learning environments and utilizing Specially Designed Instruction (SDI) to promote the learning, behavioral, and social interaction skills of young children with disabilities.

For example:

Objective 0008: Demonstrate knowledge of research-based strategies for delivering Specially Designed Instruction (SDI) in academic areas to young children with disabilities.

For example:

Objective 0009: Demonstrate knowledge of research-based methods for delivering Specially Designed Instruction (SDI) in the areas of adaptive, communication, and functional living skills for young children with disabilities.

For example:

Foundations and Professional Practice

Objective 0010: Understand the philosophical, historical, and legal foundations in the education of young children with disabilities.

For example:

Objective 0011: Apply knowledge of strategies for communicating and collaborating with others to help young children with disabilities achieve desired learning outcomes.

For example:

Objective 0012: Demonstrate knowledge of the professional and ethical responsibilities of the early childhood special education teacher.

For example: